Plug-in market share powers past 8% in the UK, Germany and France

What a difference a few years (and some judicious government policy) makes. Back in 2014, the US was the center of the EV scene, and sales in Europe had yet to crack the one-percent mark. Now the Continent has left us behind.

In June, the market share of plug-in vehicles exceeded 8% in all of the three largest European auto markets. With a slew of new models in the pipeline, and ever-tighter emissions regulations on the docket, there seems to be nowhere to go but up.

In the UK, plug-in market share hit 9.5% in June 2020, compared to 2.1% in June 2019. Pure EVs accounted for 6.1% of the total market, and PHEVs took a 3.4% share. The plug-in market share figure for the first half of this year now stands at 7.7%. The Tesla Model 3 topped the list of EVs sold in June, and was the 9th-best-selling passenger vehicle of any kind.

The UK’s overall auto market was down only 35% compared to June 2019 (that’s considered good news in light of April’s 97% plunge and May’s 89% nose-dive).

In Germany, Europe’s largest auto market, plug-ins captured 8.4% of the auto market in June, up from 3.4% a year ago. France saw plug-ins grab 9% of the action in June, also a big leap from last June’s 2.5%.

Tesla is looking for new locations ‘immediately available’ to expand service

Tesla is looking for new locations in order to expand its service capacity in several markets, including Bay Area, Atlanta, Puerto Rico and more. more…

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Source: Charge Forward

Tesla says fewer than 10 employees contracted COVID-19 at work in rosy employee email

Tesla has sent an email to employees claiming that fewer than “10 employees tested positive for COVID-19 due to transmission at work”, but that’s just what the company can confirm. There’s a lot of data to crunch here.

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Source: Charge Forward

Evaluating the effects of automation on range and battery life

A team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) used a vehicle dynamics model to evaluate the effects of automated driving on EV range and battery longevity. They compared autonomous vehicles (SAE levels 4 and 5) with human-driven EVs by calculating the additional energy required to power the automated driving components, as well as the potential increase in drag from LiDAR.

They found that automation will likely reduce electric vehicle range by 5-10% for suburban driving and by 10-15% for city driving. The effect on range is strongly influenced by sensor drag for suburban driving and computing loads for city driving. They also found that the impact of automation on battery longevity is negligible. Their paper is published in Nature Energy.

Two of the researchers had developed a physics-based vehicle dynamics model to estimate the energy demands of an EV, given a realistic driving profile. Using a realistic velocity profile with a 1-seconds temporal resolution, the model calculates the instantaneous power needed each second to overcome vehicle inertia, aerodynamic drag and road friction.

The CMU team extended the model for autonomous electric vehicles by adding the weight of the different components to the mass of the vehicle and battery pack, and increasing the drag coefficient for automated solutions with a roof-based spinning LiDAR.

If no LiDAR is used, or if solid-state LiDAR that is incorporated into the aerodynamic profile of the vehicle is used, the increase in drag is zero. They also modified the velocity profile to account for potentially smoother driving and add the computing and sensor loads at each second.

Keeping track of the total energy used, they repeated the driving profile until the battery was fully depleted. They then compared the resulting range estimates for a given battery capacity to conventional EVs.

The war is over: Nissan to switch from CHAdeMO to CCS in US and Europe

Fight fans have been following the fortunes of the competing DC fast charging standards, CHAdeMO and CCS, for the past several years, but it’s been apparent for a while that the tide of the struggle has turned. When we reported on recently released figures from the DOE showing that the two standards account for similar numbers of charging stations here in the US, commenters soon pointed out that the numbers were misleading. In fact, there are only two EV models on sale in the US that still support CHAdeMO—the Nissan LEAF and the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, so the trend towards CCS is clear.

If the Korean automakers’ 2018 abandonment of CHAdeMO was Stalingrad, Nissan’s latest announcement was D-Day (younger readers, I’m making a reference to World War II here). The 2021 Nissan Ariya, which will supersede the LEAF, and is expected to launch in the US and Europe next year, will use the CCS standard.

2021 Nissan Ariya

As our colleague Tom Moloughney, writing in InsideEVs, notes, automakers have been defecting from CHAdeMO one by one. Kia switched to CCS in 2019 with its second-generation Soul EV, Hyundai went with CCS for the Kona Electric, and Honda became the first Japanese automaker to cross over when it released the Clarity Electric. Even Tesla has endorsed CCS, adding the Combo plug to Model 3s sold in European markets, and making a CCS adapter for Models S and X (but only in Europe, so far).

The eventual outcome of the war now seems plain, but the battles will drag on for a while. Nissan will continue to use CHAdeMO in Japan, where the standard dominates. Most new DC fast chargers in the US seem to be going in with both sets of connectors, though it’s unclear how long that trend will last. Moloughney also points out that the CHAdeMO Association recently introduced CHAdeMO 3.0, also known as Chaoji, which may become the new DC fast charging standard in China and/or Japan.

Why Trump’s rollback of the US’ most vital environmental law is bad for all of us

On January 9, Donald Trump announced there would be an overhaul of the US’ landmark environmental law, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Today, he finalized a rollback of the NEPA.

This drastically limits the ability of citizens and communities to learn about and give input on major infrastructure projects that could threaten public health and the environment.

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Source: Charge Forward